Thursday, 5 August 2021

精神と技法 : PART THREE

Today I will provide a translated overview of the textbook 空手道 : 精神と技法 (‘Karate-Do: Kokoro to waza). With 390 pages the ‘Technique Section’ is largely re-hash of the content featured ‘Dynamic Karate’ but with some updates. However, what I’ve translated as the ‘Spirit/Heart/Mind Section’ is unique to this publication.

 

I’d like to state here that when necessary I’ve added the odd word or term for clarification; furthermore, omitted some words where they make sense in Japanese yet become confusing in English.

 

That being said, some terms may still cause some confusion as I felt unable to replace them without distorting Nakayama Sensei’s writing. Moreover, I wanted, as much as possible, to retain the terms he utilized in the publication.

 

Overall, with ‘Dynamic Karate’ already published in English and other languages, it is unnecessary for the ‘Technique Section’ to be translated. However, I will gradually translate the other section of the book (the ‘Spirit/Heart/Mind Section’) and THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF KARATE-DO’.

 

This month marks my 40th Year since I began my Karate Journey, more than quarter of which has been here in Japan. Nevertheless, when considering my seniors in this art—Japanese and Westerners alike—I’m still in awe of their excellence and knowledge. To those of you reading this, I am sending a big bow from my dojo here to you. These karateka, many of which were direct students of Nakayama Masatoshi Sensei, are especially inspirational for me in my daily training. Accordingly, I really want to offer my gratitude to you all. 押忍!

  

Now I’d like to say that this task, time wise, is very appropriate and, indeed, a humbling process. Unequivocally, looking at greatness inherently does this. In this regard, I believe that in any endeavor, the only way forward is humility as we must constantly see, understand and evaluate ourselves with self-honesty. Moreover, from this vantage point we must face our weaknesses and problem-solve to eradicate them. THIS TRULY IS THE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL KARATE JOURNEY, which is travelled through the physical training of this form of budo.

 

‘Karatedo: Kokoro to waza’ shows that this must be done by self seeking precise budo karate kihon, and also the need for seeking the very best mentors. When we think of the numerous unparalleled karateka that Nakayama Sensei was instrumental in producing, I think it’s impossible to think of a better mentor in the history of the Shotokan system. Hence, his work, especially in regards to the 'underpinning psychological aspects' of our art is of particular importance. This point cannot be stressed enough, especially now in a world focused on 'performance dance', 'kabuki face' and 'screaming kata'; furthermore,   'tip-tap-tag kumite' followed by disgusting etiquette and 'high fives', which is unacceptable in any form of Japanese Budo/Bujutsu. Such actions only confirm the vast chasm between BUDO and sports karate.

To conclude, I hope that this is of some use to our Shotokan Family who follow Budo Karate—irrespective of organization or dojo. Also to our Budo friends in other Kaiha/Ryuha. My best wishes and positive energy from Oita City, Kyushu, Japan.

 

アンドレ  バーテル

André Bertel.

 

 

 

 COMPLETE CONTENT OF KARATE-DO: KOKORO TO WAZA

 

·        Preface/Foreword

 

·        The 20 precepts of Shoto (The Niju Kajo)

 

·        Table of contents

 

·        Index

 

 

SPIRIT/HEART/MIND SECTION

 

PART ONE

 

The Beginning

 

Chapter 1   The infancy phase of Karate

 

Chapter 2   Chinese Kenpo and the Kenpo of Okinawa

 

Chapter 2   From Karate to Karatedo

 

 

PART TWO

 

The Long process towards to making a modern karate competition

 

Chapter 1   From exchange training style to a more formal competitive match

style

 

-      Brought to the 11th tournament (Mishima Yukio)

-      Karate as a competitive sport (Tetsuo Kishiro)

 

 

Chapter 2   Differences in ideas and behaviors: between the West and the

                 East

 

 

PART THREE

 

Karatedo scriptures

 

Chapter 1   What is Karatedo

 

Chapter 2   Emptiness and nothingness

 

 

PART FOUR

 

Zen and Budo

 

Chapter 1   Establishment of modern zen in Japan

 

Chapter 2   Zen content and personality

 

Chapter 3   The practice of zen and the performing arts

 

 

PART FIVE

 

The ‘Kokoro’ (heart) of Karate-Do

 

Chapter 1   There is no first attack in karate

 

Chapter 2   There is no kamae in karate

 

Chapter 3   The itinerary in the minds of karate practitioners

 

 

 

TECHNIQUE SECTION

 

 

PART ONE

 

Overall perspective of the foundational techniques

 

       Preface / The foundational techniques of Karate-Do

 

1             Karate-Do is scientifically based

 

2             The form of physical stability and center of gravity in movement

 

3             Power and speed

 

4             Concentration of power

 

5             The driving force of movements is muscular strength

 

6             Rhythm

 

7             Timing

 

8             ‘Tanden’ and waist

 

 

Chapter 1  Stance and posture

 

1             In a rotational form

 

2             What is a good way to make stances

 

3             Stance stability

 

4             How to practice stances

 

 

Chapter 2  Rotation and driving force of the waist

 

1             About the rotation of the waist (hip rotation)

 

2             Extruding the waist (hip drive/thrust)

 

 

Chapter 3  Balance / Center of Gravity / Movement of the Center of Gravity

 

 

Chapter 4  The limbs are also weapons

 

1             About limb training

 

2             How to use the hands

 

3             About the rotation of the waist (hip rotation)

 

 

 

PART TWO

 

Training of the foundational techniques

 

Chapter 1  Tsuki (Thrusts) / Theory and Practice

 

1             How to make thrusts

 

2             Types of thrusts

 

3             The basic technicality of thrust / direct collision

 

Factor one: Correct Trajectory

 

Factor two: Speed

 

Factor three: Concentration of Power

 

4             Gyaku-zuki

 

5             Stance and impact distance

 

6             Jun-zuki (Oi-zuki)

 

7             Nagashi-zuki

 

8             Kizami-zuki

 

 

Chapter 2  Uchi (Strikes) / Theory and Practice

 

1             How to strike

 

2             Closed fist strikes

 

3             Strikes with the elbows

 

4             Shuto uchi (Sword hand strike)

 

 

 

Chapter 3  Keri (Kicking) / Theory and Practice

 

1             Kicking is a powerful weapon of karate

 

Factor one: Correct knee squeeze

 

Factor two: Snap via the bending and stretching of the knee

 

Factor three: Waist and Ankle Spring

 

2             Various kicks and practice methods

 

Karate photographically analyzed via bursts with a strobe flash

 

-      Shirai Hiroshi Sensei: Tobi Yoko-geri

-      Asai Tetsuhiko Sensei: Nidan-geri

-      Yaguchi Yutaka Sensei: Yoko-geri kekomi

-      Kanazawa Hirokazu Sensei: Board breaking with mae-geri

 

 

 

Chapter 4  Uke (Recieving) / Theory and Practice

 

1             The characteristics of ukewaza (receiving techniques) in Karate-Do

 

2             The foundational techniques of receiving

 

Factor one: Direction to apply force (trajectory/course)

 

Factor two: Twist and timing

 

Factor three: Uke with koshi (the waist/hips)

 

Factor four: Relationship between the elbows and flanks

 

Factor five: Do not receive too much (over action is incorrect)

 

Factor six: Receiving is also a kimewaza (Decisive technique)

 

 

3             Basic form / The procedure and practice of Ukewaza

 

4             Use of special parts

 

5             Receiving using both hands

 

6             Receiving kicking techniques

 

7             Foundational practice of receiving

 

 

PART THREE

 

Training of the foundational techniques

 

Chapter 1  Response to jodan (upper level) attacks

 

 Combinations of receiving and decisive techniques (countering)

 

Chapter 2  Response to chudan (middle level) attacks

 

Combinations of receiving and decisive techniques (countering)

 

Chapter 3  Response to gedan (lower level) attacks

 

Combinations of receiving and decisive techniques (countering)

 

PART FOUR

 

Completion of foundational technique training

 

Chapter 1  Fundamental practice

 

 

1             Jun zuki practice

 

2             Sanren zuki practice

 

3             Jodan age uke practice

 

4             Jodan age uke kara chudan gyaku zuki practice

 

5             Chudan ude uke practice

 

6             Chudan ude uke kara chudan gyaku zuki practice

 

7             Chudan ude uke kara yori ashi chudan yoko enpi uchi practice

 

8             Shuto uke practice

 

9             Shuto uke kara nukite practice

 

10         Uraken yokomawashi uchi practice

 

11         Jodan kizami zuki kara chudan oi zuki, uraken jodan yokomawashi uchi, shuto jodan sotomawashi uchi soshite shuto jodan uchimawashi uchi practice

 

12         Mae geri keage practice

 

13         Mawashi geri practice

 

14         Yoko geri keage and Yoko geri kekomi practice

 

15         Mae geri keage kara mawashi geri, yoko geri (yoko keage or yoko kekomi) practice

 

16         Ippo sagatte jodan age uke kara mawashi geri, uraken jodan yokomawashi uchi soshite chudan jun zuki practice

 

17         Mawashi geri kara yoko geri (yoko keage or yoko kekomi) practice

 

18         Mae geri keage de ashi onaji yoko geri kekomi practice

 

19         Mae geri keage kara yoko geri (keage matawa kekomi) soshite ushiro geri kekomi practice

 

 

Chapter 2  Preparatory exercises and Training

 

Junbi undo (Preparatory exercises)

 

Training of the arms and legs

 

Training with the sandbag

 

Training with the makiwara

 

How to make a makiwara

 

Tools needed for karate training

 

Explanation of the various muscles necessary for karate

 

Map of the vital points on the human body

 

 

THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF KARATE-DO

 

References


[End of content translation]

 

© André Bertel. Oita City, Japan (2021).

Wednesday, 4 August 2021

Combining hard training with enjoyable practice

 I thought I’d detail my self-training today as it was particularly hard and also rewarding to complete; furthermore, it was fun as I covered 12 different kata: the five Junro and ‘Seven core’ Shotokan Kata. My idea in posting this was to show you a method that I sometimes use to TRAIN HARD whilst still making the session ENJOYABLE; hence, 'motivating' and less difficult to get through (what I term as "the combination of 'diversity of practice' and the reward of 'survival'"). I want to emphasize, that this 'style of practice' is something that I rarely do, as it is too broad. Still, from time to time it has its place! I hope that makes sense. OK, so here we go...

 

Warm-up: SLOW MOTION JUNRO KATA.

 

基本 (KIHON)

Theme: FULL TECHNIQUE, SOFTNESS FOR SNAP and USING (AND MOVING) THE CENTER.

 

(1)           順突き (jun-zuki).

 

(2)           三連突き(sanren-zuki).

 

(3)           上段上げ受け (jodan age-uke).

 

(4)           上段上げ受から中段逆突き (jodan age-uke kara chudan gyaku-zuki).

 

(5)           上段上げ受から中段順突き (jodan age-uke kara chudan oi-zuki).

 

 

組手 (KUMITE)

 

Theme: UKE FOR ATTACK, ANGLE DIVERSION FOR COLLISION and DOUBLE AND TRIPLE IMPACTS in single actions.

 

(A)         Attacking application of jodan age-uke I (strike).

 

(B)          Attacking application of jodan age-uke I (joint lock/break).

 

(C)          流し突き (flowing thrust).

 

(D)         順路型組手の分解 (kumite dissection of the Junro kata).  

 

 

(KATA)

 

Theme: (GENERIC) TAKING TIME / MENTAL CONTROL, STILLNESS and NATURAL ENERGY.

 

(1)           順路初段        Junro Shodan

 

(2)           順路二段        Junro Nidan

 

(3)           順路三段        Junro Sandan

 

(4)           順路四段        Junro Yondan

 

(5)           順路五段        Junro Godan

 

(6)           抜賽大            Bassai Dai

 

(7)           観空大            Kanku Dai

 

(8)           十手                Jitte

 

(9)           半月                Hangetsu

 

(10)     燕飛                Enpi

 

(11)     岩鶴                Gankaku

 

(12)     慈恩                Jion

 

No sets or rep count today, I just went hard out non-stop for two hours. Great training but I now have severe muscle cramps. I seriously need to acquire some more magnesium phosphate!

 

Training each… Step-by-step! POSTIVE ENERGY TO EVERYONE!!!

押忍

© André Bertel. Oita City, Japan (2021).